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10 Things You Should Know Before Starting Stock Market Trading

by Sonal Shukla

Are you considering stepping into the stock market trading? Stock market trading can be both exciting and intimidating for newcomers. It involves purchasing and selling stocks with the aim of making a profit. Before you dive in headfirst, it’s essential to have a solid understanding of the key concepts involved.

In this article, we’ll explore ten important things you should know before starting your journey into stock market trading.

1. Know Your Goals and Risk Tolerance

Before entering the market, it’s crucial to define your goals and risk tolerance. Different trading strategies and securities match various objectives and risk levels.

For instance, if you seek long-term growth, trading in stocks or ETFs mirroring market indices could be suitable. For short-term gains, day trading or swing trading—buying and selling within days—might be preferred.

2. Learn the Basics of the Market

Sometimes, when chatting with friends or coworkers, the topic shifts to the stock market and how people can make significant profits from it. Even if you haven’t previously traded, hearing these discussions might spark an interest in buying stocks.

However, jumping into the market just to follow the trend isn’t the right approach.

Before trading, it’s essential to gain a basic understanding of the stock market and align your investment decisions with your financial objectives.

3. Make a Trading Plan and Stick to It

A trading plan is like a rulebook for your trading decisions. It tells you when to buy or sell, how much to invest, and how to handle risks.

Following a plan keeps you disciplined and helps you avoid making trades based on emotions. Before you start trading for real, it’s smart to test your plan using historical data or a demo account.

4. Use Technology to Your Advantage

Using technology can enhance your ability to trade stocks by providing faster and more efficient access, analysis, and execution.

Opt for a dependable and secure trading platform equipped with essential features like real-time quotes, charts, indicators, news feeds, alerts, and various order types.  

Stay informed about the latest tech advancements that could impact your trading strategy.

5. Protect Your Trading Capital

You’ve set aside for trading. It’s crucial to protect it and not risk losing it all on a few bad trades.

Only trade with money you can afford to lose, not money needed for living expenses or debts. Spread your capital across various investments to lower your risk.

Also, use strategies like stop-loss orders and position sizing to control losses and safeguard profits.

6. Avoid Herd Mentality

Blindly following others can lead to bad trading decisions. It’s crucial to conduct your own research and analysis before trading rather than simply following the crowd.

If you don’t understand a particular stock or industry, it’s best to refrain from trading in it. Focus on trading in businesses that you can easily comprehend. Ultimately, remember that you’re trading in a business, not just a stock ticker symbol.

7. Diversify, But Not Too much

Don’t trade all your money in just one stock. Instead, spread your money across different stocks. This way, if some stocks don’t do well, you won’t lose all your money.

However, don’t spread your money too thin across too many stocks either. While having more stocks can lower your risk to a certain extent, having too many can limit your potential for growth.

So, find a balance where you have enough stocks to spread the risk but not so many that it hampers your potential for returns.

8. Avoid Emotional Trading

It’s essential to keep your feelings in check when trading in stocks. Many people lose money because they let emotions like fear and greed control their decisions.

Don’t trade in a stock just because it had significant returns in the past without understanding the risks.

9. Avoid Timing the Market

Instead of trying to time the market, it’s better to focus on how long you stay traded, known as “time in the market.” Find a trading style and time frame that fits your goals and personality.

Be flexible and adjust your strategy based on how the market is doing. It’s more about being in the market consistently than trying to pick the perfect moment.

10. Don’t Buy Penny Stocks

Penny stocks are stocks that cost less than Rs 10 per share. They’re sometimes hyped up as quick and easy ways to make big money. But be cautious! Penny stocks are super risky. They can be manipulated, involve fraud, and are hard to sell because not many people trade them.

Yes, you might hear about someone buying a stock for Rs 10 and selling it for Rs 100 in just a few days, but those stories are rare.

Trust your own judgment and the research from your broker instead.


It’s essential to grasp the fundamentals before diving into stock market trading. Hopefully, this guide has provided a clear understanding of the fundamentals required for a successful start.  Remember, knowledge is your greatest asset in this field.

To deepen your understanding further, consider enrolling in upsurge stock market courses online with certificate to gain practical insights and skills from experts.

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