The term future in the stock market is referred to a contract wherein the buyer purchases shares from a seller on a specified date and rate, which is fixed in advance. Such agreements are based on the value which corresponds to the spot market. It is similar to the transactional structure of the forward market.
A margin is payable on all futures. Several factors influence this margin, including the time duration of the contract, volatility of the stock, and whether the trade is normal or intraday. With the help of a span margin calculator, the profit on future positions can be determined, which helps in the decision-making process for the investors and stakeholders. Let us now understand how to use the margin calculator to stimulate profits on futures positions.
Working of Margin Calculator
The purchase and sale of stock in the share market are now digitised as a whole. This is evident by the transfer of securities online through Demat accounts and receiving periodic updates about the company’s performance through online sources. The margin calculator is an effective online tool that helps investors understand and forecast the market. The working of the same for determining market values is listed below.
Requirements for Future Margin
The total margin refers to the margin kept for holding the position overnight. Using a margin calculator enables the trader to compute the requirements for future margins so that they are protected from losses. This also helps avoid unexpected drawdowns when open positions are liquidated according to the predetermined margin requirements. Mathematically, it is listed as follows:
Total Margin = Span/initial + Exposure
Determining Calendar Spreads Strategy
Calendar Spreads refers to a spread trade where there is a simultaneous purchase of options that get expired on a specified date. It is established by entering into long and short positions with diverse delivery dates. Using a margin calculator helps the trader decide when to go for a long or short calendar spread. Long calendar spreads are usually chosen when the price is expected to be close to the strike price of the front-month expiry. This is an appropriate start for all traders who have neutral short-term sentiments.
Option Writing Margins
Option writing margins refers to the cash or security that are required to be kept by the trader from the broker as collateral. While writing options, the margin requirements vary depending on the volatility and expiry. The option brokerage calculator is an online tool that enables traders to know the required margins before making a trade, essential for an active options trader.
Benefits of Using the Margin Calculator
The margin calculator has various benefits, including futures margin needs, calendar spreads, and shorting margin requirements. These are explained below:
Enabling Simultaneous Trades
Calendar spread refers to the trade in which the investors simultaneously purchase futures that expire on a specified date and then sell the same futures in another market on another date and vice versa. The whole transaction is hedged, and therefore, there are margin benefits with the combined position. This margin can be determined with the help of the calculator.
Shorting Margin Requirements
The futures or options are written based on margin, which varies according to market volatility, expiry date, and the underlying assets. The calculator acts as an online tool that helps determine market demands in advance.
Both options brokerage calculator and margin calculator are effective tools. These tools aid the investor in taking essential decisions by forecasting the future and options value in the market. It is crucial as it leads to profit in the short or long run for the investor.